How to include another category to your licence

Extension of your licence e.g. B1 to B2 or vice versa

Postby easaman » 08 Mar 2009 18:35

Otmar Bender -
EASA part 66 licence training by internet!
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Re: Get your licence restrictions 1 & 9 removed!

Postby easaman » 10 Mar 2009 19:10

Please send email for other restrictions to be removed!

Syllabus to get restrictions 1 & 9 removed!

3.9 Capacitance / Capacitor - 2 2 (Level for Cat A B1 B2)
Operation and function of a capacitor,
Factors affecting capacitance area of plates, distance between plates,
number of plates, dielectric and dielectric constant working voltage,
voltage rating;
Capacitor types, construction and function;
Capacitor colour coding;
calculations of capacitance and voltage in series and parallel circuits;
Exponential charge and discharge of a capacitor, time constants;
Testing of capacitors.

3.10 Magnetism
a) - 1 2
Theory of magnetism;
Properties of a magnet;
Action of a magnet suspended in the Earth's magnetic field;
Magnetisation and demagnetisation;
Magnetic shielding;
Various types of magnetic material;
Electromagnets construction and principles of operation;
Hand clasp rules to determine: magnetic field around current carrying

b) - 1 1
Magneto motive force, field strength, magnetic flux density,
permeability, hysteresis loop, retentivity, coercive force reluctance,
saturation point, eddy currents;
Precautions for care and storage of magnets.

3.11 Inductance / lnductor - 1 2
Faraday's Law;
Action of inducing a voltage in a conductor moving in a magnetic field;
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage:
magnetic field strength, rate of change of flux, number of conductor turns;
Mutual induction-,
The effect the rate of change of primary current and mutual inductance has on induced voltage;
Factors affecting mutual inductance : number of turns in coil, physical size of coil,
permeability of coil, position of coils with respect to each other,
Lenz's Law and polarity determining rules;
Back emf, self induction-.
Saturation point;
Principle uses of inductors;

3.12 DC Motor / Generator Theory - 2 2
Basic motor and generator theory;
Construction and purpose of components in DC generator;
Operation of. and factors affecting output and direction of current flow in DC generators.
Operation of, and factors affecting output power, torque, speed and direction of rotation of C motors;
Series wound, shunt wound and compound motors;
Starter Generator construction.

3.13 AC Theory 1 2 2
Sinusoidal waveform : phase. period, frequency, cycle;
instantaneous, average, root mean square, peak, peak to peak current values and
calculations of these values, in relation to voltage, current and power
Triangular / Square waves;
Single / 3 phase principles.

3.14 Resistive (R), Capacitive (C) and Inductive (L) Circuits - 1 1
Phase relationship of voltage and current in L, C and R circuits, parallel,
series and series parallel;
Power dissipation in L, C and R circuits;
impedance, phase angle, power factor and current calculations;
True power, apparent power and reactive power calculations.

3.15 Transformers - 2 2
Transformer construction principles and operation;
Transformer losses and methods for overcoming them;
Transformer action under load and no-load conditions;
Power transfer efficiency, polarity markings;
Primary and Secondary current, voltage, turns ratio, power, efficiency;
Auto transformers

3.16 Filters - 1 1
Operation, application and uses of the following filters :
low pass, high pass, band pass, band stop.

3.17 AC Generators - 2 2
Rotation of loop in a magnetic field and waveform produced;
Operation and construction of revolving armature and revolving field
type AC generators;
Single phase, two phase and three phase alternators;
Three phase star and delta connectors advantages and uses;
Calculation of line and phase voltages and currents;
Calculation of power in a three phase system;
Permanent Magnet Generators.

3.18 AC Motors - 2 2
Construction, principles of operation and characteristics of:
AC synchronous and induction motors both single and polyphase;
Methods of speed control and direction of rotation;
Methods of producing a rotating field: capacitor, inductor, shaded or split pole.


4.1 Semiconductor's
4.1.1 Diodes
a) - 1 3
Diode symbols, Diode characteristics and properties; Diodes in series and parallel;
Main characteristics and use of silicon controlled rectifiers (thyristors),
light emitting diode, photo conductive diode, varistor, rectifier diodes;
Functional testing of diodes.

4.1.2 Transistors
a) - 1 3
Transistor symbols; Component description and orientation;
Transistor characteristics and properties.

4.1.3 Integrated Circuits - 1 -
Description and operation of logic circuits and linear circuits / operational amplifiers.

4.2 Printed Circuit Boards - 1 3
Description and use of printed circuit boards.

4.3 Servomechanisms
a) - 1 -
Understanding of the following terms : open and closed loop systems, feedback,
follow up, analogue transducers;
Principles of operation and use of the following synchro system components / features :
resolvers, differential , control and torque, transformers, inductance and capacitance transmitters.


5.1 Electronic Instrument systems 1 2 3

Typical systems arrangements and cockpit layout of electronic
instrument systems.

5.2 Numbering Systems - 1 2
Numbering systems: binary, octal and hexadecimal;
Demonstration of conversions between the decimal and binary, octal and
hexadecimal systems and vice versa.

5.3 Data Conversion - 1 2
Analogue Data, Digital Data;
Operation and application of analogue to digital, and digital to
analogue converters, inputs and outputs, limitations of various types.

5.4 Data Buses - 2 2
Operation of data buses in aircraft systems, including knowledge of ARINC
and other specifications.

5.5 Logic Circuits
a) - 2 2
Identification of common logic gate symbols, tables and equivalent circuits;
Applications used for aircraft systems, schematic diagrams.

5.6 BasicComputer Structure
a) - 1 2
Computer terminology (including bit, byte, software, hardware, CPU, IC,
and various memory devices such as RAM, ROM, PROM);
Computer technology (as applied in aircraft systems).

5.10 Fibre Optics - 1 3
Advantages and disadvantages of fibre optic data transmission
over electrical wire propagation; Fibre optic data bus;
Fibre optic related terms;
Couplers, control terminals, remote terminals;
Application of fibre optics in aircraft systems.

5.11 Electronic Displays - 2 3
Principles of operation of common types of displays used in modern
aircraft including
Cathode Ray Tubes, Light Emitting Diodes and Liquid Crystal Display.

5.12 Electrostatic Sensitive Devices 1 3 3
Special handling of components sensitive to electrostatic discharges;
Awareness of risks and possible damage, component and personnel anti-static protection devices.

5.13 Software Management Control - 2 3
Awareness of restrictions, airworthiness requirements and possible
catastrophic effects of unapproved changes to software programmes.

5.14 Electromagnetic Environment - 2 3
Influence of the following phenomena on maintenance practices for electronic system :
EMC - Electromagnetic Compatibility
EMI - Electromagnetic Interference
HIRF - High lntensity Radiated Field
Lightning / lightning protection

5.15 Typical Electronic / Digital Aircraft Systems - 2 2
General arrangement of typical electronic/digital aircraft systems and associated BITE
(Built In Test Equipment) testing such as :
ACARS - ARINC Communication and Addressing and Reporting System
ECAM - Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitoring
EFIS - Electronic Flight Instrument System
EICAS - Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System
FBW - Fly by Wire
FMS - Flight Management System
GPS - Global Positioning System
IRS - inertial Reference System
TCAS - Traffic Alert Collision Avoidance System
Note : Different manufacturers may use different terminology for similar systems.


7.7 Electrical Cables and Connectors 1 3 3
Continuity, insulation and bonding techniques and testing;
Use of crimp tools hand and hydraulic operated;
Testing of crimp joints ;
Connector pin removal and insertion;
Co-axial cables : testing and installation precautions;
Wiring protection techniques : Cable looming and loom support, cable clamps,
protective sleeving techniques including heat shrink wrapping, shielding.


11.5.2 Avionic Systems 1 1 -
Fundamentals of system lay-outs and operation of;
Auto Flight (ATA 22);
Communications (ATA 23);
Navigation Systems (ATA 34).

11.6 Electrical Power (ATA 24) 2 3 -
Batteries Installation and Operation; DC power generation;
AC power generation;
Emergency power generation;
Voltage regulation;
Power distribution;
inverters, transformers, rectifiers;
Circuit protection.
External / Ground power;

Equipment and Furnishings (ATA 25)
a) 2 2 -
Emergency equipment requirements;
Seats, harnesses and belts.

b) 1 1 -
Cabin lay-out;
Equipment lay-out;
Cabin Furnishing Installation;
Cabin entertainment equipment;
Galley installation;
Cargo handling and retention equipment;

11.14 Lights (ATA 33) 2 3 -
External: navigation, landing, taxiing, ice;
Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo;
Otmar Bender -
EASA part 66 licence training by internet!
Training Site is:
Modules cost Euro 20 to 70 depending on size and are available 180 - 200 days
Site Admin
Posts: 399
Joined: 08 Mar 2009 14:54

Extension of your licence B1.1 to B2

Postby easaman » 28 Dec 2009 18:37

You are having a full B1.1 and you want to get a full B2 licence.
You must pass following exams:

Modules or part of modules required
4 Module 4.1.1b all, 4.1.2 all, 4.1.3b all, 4.2 all, 4.3b all. 20 Questions
5 Module 5.1 to 5.3 all, 5.6b all, 5.7 to 5.10 all, Module 7.4 all. M14.2/15.14 40 Questions
13 Module 13.1c all, 13.3 & 13.4 all, 13.6 all, 13.8 all. 100 Questions
I recommend to take the entire module 13 as it contains now a lot of CAT-A & B1 questions.
See for modules
EASA66 B1 conversion to a full B2
Otmar Bender -
EASA part 66 licence training by internet!
Training Site is:
Modules cost Euro 20 to 70 depending on size and are available 180 - 200 days
Site Admin
Posts: 399
Joined: 08 Mar 2009 14:54

Re: Extension of your licence e.g. B2 to B1.1

Postby easaman » 27 Dec 2010 18:48

Extension for B2 to B1.1
You do not need to do the electrics & avionics part of modules 7&11!
I recommend you to take complete exams, as they are given points for your trade!

You must take following exams:
Module 2.2.1, 2.2.2, 2.2.3, 2.2.4 b
Module 6.3.b all, 6.4 b all, 6.5.4 all, 6.6.b all, 6.7 all, 6.10 all.
Module 7.6 all,es 7.8 all, 7.9 all bis 7.15 all, 7.16 b all, 7.18 b & c all,7.19 b all.
Module 11.1 all to 11.4 all, 11.7 bis 11.13 all, 11.15 to 11.17 all.
Module 15.1 all to 15.13 all, 15.15 all bis 15.22 all.
Module 17 all.
See for modules
EASA66 B2 conversion to full B1.1
Otmar Bender -
EASA part 66 licence training by internet!
Training Site is:
Modules cost Euro 20 to 70 depending on size and are available 180 - 200 days
Site Admin
Posts: 399
Joined: 08 Mar 2009 14:54

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